Is an attorney and expert witness in the United States. He has advised regulatory and legislative bodies throughout North America, and is a frequent speaker at international conferences. Hempling is an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center, where he teaches courses on public utility law and regulatory litigation. His book, Regulating Public Utility Performance: The Law of Market Structure, Pricing and Jurisdiction was published by the American Bar Association in 2013. He has also authored a book of essays on the art of regulation, Preside or Lead? The Attributes and Actions of Effective Regulators. Hempling received a B.A. cum laude from Yale University in (1) Economics and Political Science and (2) Music, and a J.D. magna cum laude from Georgetown University Law Center. More detail is at www.scotthemplinglaw.com. This article is adapted from remarks presented at the [insert formal name of the conference), Dec. 21, 2015.